O vSphere 4.1 trouxe uma série de novas e interessantes funcionalidades para ambientes virtualizados, muitos administradores e gerentes já estão planejando o upgrade de seus parques, seja de vSphere 4.0 para vSphere 4.1 ou o mais radical, VMware ESX 3.5 para vSphere 4.1.
No primeiro caso de migração, vSphere 4.0 para vSphere 4.1 é importante dar uma olhada nos pontos abaixo levantados pelo www.ivobeerens.nl:
- Make sure your systems and components are supported, check the Hardware Compatibility Guide.
- Verify that other products are compatible with vSphere 4.1. For example VMware View 4 is not supported on vSphere 4.1. VMware View composer does not support 64-bit operating systems.
- vCenter 4.1 server requires a 64-bit OS. 32-bit Operating Systems are not supported anymore for vCenter 4.1 server.
- vSphere 4.1 and its subsequent update and patch releases are the last releases to include both ESX and ESXi hypervisor architectures. Future major releases of VMware vSphere will include only the VMware ESXi architecture. For this reason, VMware recommends that deployments of vSphere 4.x utilize the ESXi hypervisor architecture. When migrate to ESXi all the script and programs (such as hardware monitoring agents and backup agents), that uses the Service Console needs to replaced. More information can be the following links ESX4.1 is the last ESX what do i do now and in the ESXi41 Migration Guide.
- vSphere 4.1 support scripted installation for ESXi. You cannot use scripted installation to install ESXi to a USB device! Here are some good links for scripted ESXi 4.1 installations: Kenneth van Ditmarsch, Setting up vSphere ESXi 4.1 scripted installation, Kendrick Coleman, ESX 4.1 Kickstart install, Billhill, Setting up vSphere ESX 4.1 scripted installation from Ubuntu and Deploy ESXi 4.1 using Scripted install feature.
- ESXi comes in two editions, the vSphere Hypervisor (free version) with limited features and the enterprise ESXI.
- The VMware Knowledgebase has best practices for installing and upgrading vSphere 4.1. Installing ESX 4..1 and vCenter 4.1 best practices and Upgrading to ESX 4.1 and vCenter 4.1 best practices.
- Get yourself familiar with tools as PowerCLI, vCLI and the VMware Management Assistant (vMA).These tools helps you to automate, configure and troubleshoot vSphere 4.1 environments. More information can be found on the following links vCLI, PowerCLI and vMA.
- Before upgrading check the Knowlegde Base from VMware for issues with vSphere 4.1. For example Upgrading vCenter Server 4.0 to 4.1 fails with the error: Exception Thrown while executing SQL script.
No caso da migração de Vmware ESX 3.5 para o vSphere 4.1, além dos pontos citados acima é importante planejar a formatação do servidores físicos que hospedam o ESX. Já realizei alguns testes de upgrade do VMware e tive uma quantidade incrível de problemas, por isso o meu conselho.
Planejem sempre antes de executar, e testar o upgrade em um ambiente de testes é melhor ainda.